Mezővárosi jogélet Gyulán a reformkorban

Homoki-Nagy Mária: Mezővárosi jogélet Gyulán a reformkorban. In: Mezővárosok a Dél-Alföldön = Market Towns on the Southern Part of the Hungarian Great Plain. pp. 137-154. (2022)

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After the expulsion of the Ottoman Turks from Hungary the County of Békés – including the market towns of Gyula and Szentes – was granted to Johann Georg Harruckern (Hungarian: Harruckern János György). He concluded contracts with his market towns. These contracts laid down the exact annual services to be performed by the market towns, and also allowed the peasants to move freely after paying their annuities to the landlord. In addition, Harruckern made it possible for the market towns to render their services – the unpaid labour service (French: corvée, Hungarian: robot) the ninth and the gift – in money. The author illustrates with proper sources the rules of tied ownership and tenure of immovable property, especially the house, the manorial plot and the vineyard. Among her sources are testaments, sharing agreements and contracts of sale. The landlord’s permission was required when the manorial plot was divided. The situation was different with the vineyard possessed by the easants. If the vineyard came into being as a result of assarting, the peasant himself was entitled to own it. In sharing agreements and contracts of sale the parties took care of the rights of children, widows and old people. Children, first of all the youngest children, had to take care of their parents. If the peasant had no children, he had to look after himself in his old age. It often happened that he sold his house, land or vineyard on the condition that the buyer would provide lodging for him for the rest of his life. The testator’s heirs had to pay the dowry to the widow. When the husband promised his wife a higher amount than the real value of the legal dowry, the family’s consent was required. Marriage-contracts are also present among the contracts of the peasant-burghers of Gyula.

Other title: Legal life in the market town of Gyula during the Hungarian Reform Era
Item Type: Book Section
Journal or Publication Title: Mezővárosok a Dél-Alföldön = Market Towns on the Southern Part of the Hungarian Great Plain
ISBN: 978-615-01-5251-6
Language: magyar, angol
Publisher: Department of Mineralogy, Geochemistry and Petrology, University of Szeged
Place of Publication: Szeged
Event Title: Mezővárosok a Dél-Alföldön (Gyula) (2019)
Date: 2022
Page Range: pp. 137-154
Additional Information: Bibliogr.: 153. p. és a lábjegyzetekben ; összefoglalás angol nyelven
Uncontrolled Keywords: Gyula története - 18-19. sz., Mezővárosok - Alföld - 18-19. sz.
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Date Deposited: 2022. Aug. 23. 12:48
Last Modified: 2022. Aug. 23. 12:48

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