Szent Móric - Gyula elfelejtett vértanú szentje

Halmágyi Miklós: Szent Móric - Gyula elfelejtett vértanú szentje. In: Mezővárosok a Dél-Alföldön = Market Towns on the Southern Part of the Hungarian Great Plain. pp. 89-110. (2022)

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According to his legend, Saint Maurice was the leader of the Theban Legion, who died as a martyr for his Christian faith. His veneration was important in the medieval German Empire and Burgundy. On the other hand, in the region of the medieval Hungarian Kingdom the cult of the martyr of Thebes was not so characteristic. The first holy king of Hungary, St. Stephen – or his wife, Gisella – founded a community in Bakonybél at the request of St. Günter, and it was consecrated to the honour of Saint Maurice. Bakonybél is located in the northern part of Transdanubia. Apart from Bakonybél, we know only about a few churches in the medieval Hungarian Kingdom whose patron saint was Saint-Maurice. These churches were mostly located in Transdanubia or in the north-western part of the Hungarian Kingdom. East of the Danube – in the south-eastern part of contemporary Hungary –, however, we find three places at the beginning of the 15th century that bore the name of St. Mauritius. On the 5th November in 1403, Sigmund of Luxembourg, King of Hungary, gave his baron, John of Marot, several villages in the region of contemporary south-eastern Hungary. Among these settlements is Gyula – a settlement that still exists today – and three places called Zenthmoroch – i.e. Saint-Maurice. On the 22th of May 1520, Louis II. King of Hungary issued a document mentioning a chapel in Gyula, consecrated to the honour of Saint-Mauritius. In 1553, the document of King Ferdinand mentions a street in Gyula bearing the name of St. Mauritius. The village of Zenthmoroch, which was mentioned near the town of Gyula in 1403, had become part of Gyula over the decades. We have a charter about the properties of the monastery of Bakonybél. This charter maintains that it was compiled in 1086 by the order of King Ladislaus (1077–1095). Here we can read about an estate that was subordinate to the monastery of Bakonybél, and existed near the river Kyris. An other charter – compiled in the 13th century – maintains that it was written by the order of Pope Gregory IX. at 19 April 1230. This charter mentioned the chapels of Bakonybél. In this document we can read again about the chapels at the river Körös, on the territory of the bishopric of Nagyvárad (today Oradea, in Romania). Bakonybél was consecrated to the honour of Saint Maurice. According to the sources cited above, the monastery of Bakonybél had an estate near the river Körös, in the territory of the bishopric of Nagyvárad (Oradea). Gyula was in that area indeed. We can therefore make the hypothesis: the village of Saint Maurice (Zenthmoroch) near Gyula could have a relationship with Bakonybél. Perhaps, there was an estate of the monastery of Bakonybél in this region, and this locality became later a part of the town Gyula.

Other title: Saint Maurice - the forgotten martyr-Saint of Gyula
Item Type: Book Section
Journal or Publication Title: Mezővárosok a Dél-Alföldön = Market Towns on the Southern Part of the Hungarian Great Plain
ISBN: 978-615-01-5251-6
Language: magyar, angol
Publisher: Wenckheim Krisztina Városfejlesztési és Környezetvédelmi Közalapítvány
Place of Publication: Gyula
Event Title: Mezővárosok a Dél-Alföldön (Gyula) (2019)
Date: 2022
Page Range: pp. 89-110
Additional Information: Bibliogr.: p. 103-108. és a lábjegyzetekben ; összefoglalás angol nyelven
Uncontrolled Keywords: Szent Móric, Szentek élete - középkor, Gyula története - középkor
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Date Deposited: 2022. Aug. 23. 12:38
Last Modified: 2022. Aug. 23. 12:38

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